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Thursday, February 6, 2020 | History

2 edition of Dialectical materialism found in the catalog.

Dialectical materialism

G. A. Wetter

Dialectical materialism

a historical and systematic survey of philosophy in the soviet union.

by G. A. Wetter

  • 290 Want to read
  • 25 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14864764M

XIV, pp. Christianity says that God created the world, Buddhism and all of China's various fetishist religions attribute the movement and development of all the myriad phenomena Dialectical materialism book Wu of the universe to spiritual forces. But the converse theorem is also true. Hence, the clue to the study of the laws of history of society must not be sought in men's minds, in the views and ideas of society, but in the mode of production practiced by society in any given historical period; it must be sought in the economic life of society.

Mendeleev did not have a finished philosophical system. To Hegel, the life-process of the human brain, i. He wrote: Not only 10 billion but a population many times that size will find nourishment Dialectical materialism book this world, not only through the application of labor but also through the persistent inventiveness which Dialectical materialism book knowledge. Sartre states: Existentialismlike Marxismaddresses itself to experience in order to discover there concrete syntheses. Instead of stone tools, men now have metal tools at their command; instead of the wretched and primitive husbandry of the hunter, who knew neither pasturage nor tillage, there now appear pasturage tillage, handicrafts, and a division of labor between these branches of production. If there are no isolated phenomena in the world, if all phenomena are interconnected and interdependent, then it is clear that every social system and every social movement in history must be evaluated not from the standpoint of "eternal justice" or some other preconceived idea, as is not infrequently done by historians, but from the standpoint of the conditions which gave rise to that system or that social movement and with which they are connected.

The dialectical method regards Dialectical materialism book important primarily not that which at the given moment seems to be durable and yet is already beginning to die away, but that which is arising and developing, even though at the given moment it may appear to be not durable, for the dialectical method considers invincible only that which is arising and developing. Chemistry, instead of resorting Dialectical materialism book some new supra-mechanical and supra-physical force to explain its phenomena, reduces chemical processes to the mechanical and physical properties of its compounds. If objective truth exists as the materialists thinkif natural science, reflecting the outer world in human 'experience,' is alone capable of giving us objective truth, then all fideism is absolutely refuted. It follows from this that geographical environment cannot be the chief cause, the determining cause of social development; for that which remains almost unchanged in the course of tens of thousands of years cannot be the chief cause of development of that which undergoes fundamental changes in the course of a few hundred years Further, there can be no doubt that the concept "conditions of material life of society" also includes growth of population, density of population of one degree or another; for people are an essential element of the conditions of material life of society, and without a definite minimum number of people there can be no material life of society. It was exported to China as the "official" interpretation of Marxism but, in its Soviet formulation, has since then been widely rejected there.


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Dialectical materialism by G. A. Wetter Download PDF Ebook

The kinship of elements Dialectical materialism book their mutual metamorphoses can be considered as proved empirically from the hour when, with the help of radioactive elements, it became possible to resolve the atom into its components. Chemistry has its own keys.

Let us hear from you! For the sole 'property' of matter, with whose recognition philosophical materialism is bound up, is the property of being an objective reality, of existing outside of the mind.

But many naturalists have an entirely different attitude upon the question of sociology.

Maurice Cornforth

XIV, pp. Remember to pay attention to real objects in time and space and not lose them in utterly idealized abstractions. But science is not a function of individual scientists; it is a public function.

The triumph of scientific forecasts would be of very little significance, if they did not in the end lead to direct and general usefulness. We know that Feuerbach, although he was fundamentally a materialist, objected to the name materialism.

Just recently, because of the severity of the national and social crisis, and also because of the influence of the movement for liquidating deviations in Soviet philosophy, Dialectical materialism book broad movement of materialist dialectics has developed in China's intellectual circles.

So I guess Dialectical materialism book that that it is in fact real, which was something I wasn't sure Dialectical materialism book before. To Hegel, Their conscious activity did not extend beyond their commonplace, strictly practical interests. In the intervening period, between the discovery of Neptune and the revolution oftwo young scholars, Marx and Dialectical materialism book, wrote The Communist Manifesto, in which they not only predicted the inevitability of revolutionary events in the near future, but also analyzed in advance their component forces, the logic of their movement—up to the inevitable victory of the proletariat and the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Hence, the clue to the study of the laws of history of society must not be sought in men's minds, in the views and ideas of society, but in the mode of production practiced by society in any given historical period; it must be sought in the economic life of society.

This would mean, in this particular case: Communism is not a substitute for chemistry. And further Mendeleev adds cautiously: Religious and philosophical ideas have thrived and developed for many thousands of years, but those ideas which govern the exact sciences capable of forecasting have been regenerated for only a few centuries and have thus far encompassed only a limited sphere.

The strength and vitality of Marxism-Leninism is derived from the fact that it relies upon an advanced theory which correctly reflects the needs of development of the material life of society, that it elevates theory to a proper level, and that it deems it its duty to utilize every ounce of the mobilizing, organizing and transforming power of this theory.

He wrote: Wherever agriculture in its primitive forms predominates, a nation is incapable of permanent regular and continuous labor but is able to work only fitfully and in a harvest-time manner. Humanity is constantly in contact with the external world and must, moreover, struggle fiercely against the pressure and resistance of the outside world nature and society.

Rich and poor, exploiters and exploited, people with full rights and people with no rights, and a fierce class struggle between them — such is the picture of the slave system.

Inhe wrote and delivered a paper entitled "What Is Dialectic? Last-minute reminder: apply for the moderator job! But its influence is not the determining influence, inasmuch as the changes and development of society proceed at an incomparably faster rate than the changes and development of geographical environment.

Remember that being and becoming are dual aspects of nature.

Dialectical and Historical Materialism

Here the relations of production fully correspond to the state of productive forces; for the social character of the process of production is reinforced by the social ownership of the means of production.

Consequently, the productive forces are not only the most mobile and revolutionary element in production, but are also the determining element in the development of production. Describing dialectical development as a transition from quantitative Dialectical materialism book to qualitative changes, Engels Dialectical materialism book "In physics Intellectual labour then becomes Dialectical materialism book exclusive privilege of the ruling class.

Matter is not a product of mind, but mind itself is merely the highest product of matter. In the nature of things, the particular and the general are inseparably linked; once separated, they depart from objective truth Scarcely two hundred years have passed since chemistry became part of these sciences.

They have a significance far beyond mere visits to museums, theaters, and banquets. Historical materialism has had many advocates outside the Communist world.Apr 15,  · A grasp of dialectical materialism is an essential prerequisite in understanding the doctrine of Marxism.

Dialectical materialism is the philosophy of Marxism, which provides us with a scientific and comprehensive world outlook. It is the philosophical bedrock - the method - on which the whole of Marxist doctrine is founded.

Dialectical Materialism Defined. Even under ideal circumstances, this term is difficult to define adequately, so let's look at the two words individually and see how they come together. capitalism capitalist system change and development chief force class struggle Communist Manifesto conditions of material consciousness contradictions Contrary to metaphysics Critique of Political development of society dialectical materialism dialectical method duction ductive forces Engels says err in policy feudal system Feuerbach fideism 5/5(1).Pdf Materialism and Developments in Contemporary Science The Marxist, XXVI 4, October–December T.

JAYARAMAN INTRODUCTION Today we are more than a century and a half away from the origins of what we would recognize as dialectical materialism. In the era when this philosophy was being formulated, science, in many disciplines.Dialectical materialism is the philosophy of Marxism-Leninism.

Not only is it the sole outlook which gives a scientifically-based understanding of the world around us; it also enables us to understand what brings about changes in that world - including human society and in people’s thoughts about it.

That.Get this from a library! Dialectical materialism. [A G Spirkin] -- Ebook book gives a systematic account of the basic propositions, principles, categories and laws of dialectical materialism.

It sums up years of research by the author and draws on many of the.